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Government Of Assam Health & Family Welfare Commissionerate of Food & Drugs Administration

GAP [Good Agriculture Practises]

  • Good agricultural practice (GAP)are specific methods which, when applied to agriculture, create food for consumers or further processing that is safe and wholesome. While there are numerous competing definitions of what methods constitute good agricultural practice there are several broadly accepted schemes that producers can adhere to.


    Further information: Compost, Mulch, Potting soil, Organic fertilizer, and Soil borne infectious diseases

    • Reducing erosion by wind and water through hedging and ditching
    • Application of fertilizers at appropriate moments and in adequate doses (i.e., when the plant needs the fertilizer), to avoid run-off (see nitrogen balance method).
    • Maintaining or restoring soil organic content, by manure application, use of grazing, crop rotation
    • Reduce soil compaction issues (by avoiding using heavy mechanical devices)
    • Maintain soil structure, by limiting heavy tillage practices FAO : GAP : FAO GAP Principles : Soil
    • In situ green manuring by growing pulse crops like cowpea, horse gram, sunn hemp etc.


    • Practice scheduled irrigation, with monitoring of plant needs, and soil water reserve status to avoid water loss by drainage
    • Prevent soil salinization by limiting water input to needs, and recycling water whenever possible
    • Avoid crops with high water requirements in a low availability region
    • Avoid drainage and fertilizer run-off
    • Maintain permanent soil covering, in particular in winter to avoid nitrogen run-off
    • Manage carefully water table, by limiting heavy output of water
    • Restore or maintain wetlands (see marshlands)
    • Provide good water points for livestock (FAO : GAP : FAO GAP Principles : Water)
    • Harvest water in situ by digging catch pits, crescent bunds across slope

    Animal production, health and welfare

    • Respect of animal well-being (freedom from hunger and thirst; freedom from discomfort; freedom from pain, injury or disease; freedom to express normal behavior; and freedom from fear and distress)
    • Avoid nontherapeutic mutilations, surgical or invasive procedures, such as tail docking and debeaking;
    • Avoid negative impacts on landscape, environment and life: contamination of land for grazing, food, water and air
    • Check stocks and flows, maintain structure of systems
    • Prevent chemical and medical residues from entering the food chain
    • Minimize non-therapeutic use of antibiotics or hormones
    • Avoid feeding animals with animal wastes or animal matter (reducing the risk of alien viral or transgenic genes, or prions such as mad cow disease),
    • Minimize transport of live animals (by foot, rail or road) (reducing the risk of epidemics, e.g., foot and mouth disease)
    • Prevent waste run-off (e.g. nitrate contamination of water tables from pigs), nutrient loss and greenhouse gas emissions (methane from cows)
    • Prefer safety measures standards in manipulation of equipment
    • Apply traceability processes on the whole production chain (breeding, feed, medical treatment...) for consumer security and feedback possibility in case of a food crisis (e.g., dioxin).FAO : GAP : FAO GAP Principles : Animal Health and Welfare